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Microondas y cáncer en militares

Viernes 18 de noviembre de 2005 · 3127 lecturas

European Journal of Oncology, 2001.

CARCINOGENIC POTENCY OF MICROWAVE RADIATION: OVERWIEV OF THE PROBLEM AND RESULTS
OF EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES ON POLISH MILITARY PERSONNEL.

Stanislaw SZMIGIELSKI, Elzbieta SOBICZEWSKA and Roman KUBACKI.
Department of Microwave Safety, Military Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology,
Kozielska 4, PL-01-163 Warsaw, Poland.

Acknowledgments: This work was supported partially from the European Union
Commission INCO-COPERNICUS ERB IC15 CT980303 Research Project Assessment of
Health Risks Related to Occupational and Environmental Exposure to
Radiofrequency and Microwave Electromagnetic Fields (RADIORISKS)”.

Address for correspondence: Prof. dr med. Stanislaw SZMIGIELSKI,
Department of Microwave Safety,
Military Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology,
Kozielska str.4,
PL-01-163 WARSAW, POLAND.

Running title: Carcinogenic potency of microwaves.

Key words: electromagnetic fields, microwaves, occupational cancer, cancer
epidemiology.

CARCINOGENIC POTENCY OF MICROWAVE RADIATION: OVERWIEV OF THE PROBLEM AND RESULTS OF EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES ON POLISH MILITARY PERSONNEL.

Abstract.

Microwave (MW) radiation, part of the electromagnetic spectrum at wave frequencies of 300 MHz - 300 GHz, can penetrate human tissues and exert various bioeffects at relatively low field power densities. Experimental investigations revealed the possibility of epigenetic activity of certain MW exposures (frequently limited to particular frequencies and/or modulations of the carrier wave), but there exists no satisfactory support from epidemiological studies for the increased cancer risk in MW-exposed subjects.
Use of mobile phones (MP) considerably increased local exposure to 900 or 1800 MHz and raised concerns of the risk of brain tumors and other neoplasms of the head. At present the experimental and epidemiological bulk of
evidence is too limited for valid assessment of the risks. Two available epidemiological studies of brain cancer morbidity in MP users did not confirm an increased risk for all types of neoplasms, but unexplained excesses of
particular types and/or locations of the tumors has been reported. However, there exist single epidemiological studies which indicate increased mortality of certain types of neoplasms in workers exposed to microwave radiation. As an example, the multiyear study of cancer morbidity in Polish military personnel exposed to 2 - 10 W/m2 will be presented. Despite of the reported increased morbidity of haematopoietic and lymphatic neoplasms, it was not possible to confirm the causal link of the morbidity with exposure to MW radiation.
Therefore, it is concluded that the epidemiologic evidences still falls short of their strength and consistency required to come to a reasonable conclusion that MW can cause human cancer and thus, this radiation should be
classified in group 3 (unclassifiable as to carcinogenicity in humans) of the IARC classification of human carcinogens.

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